Micro-listening #26

by | Last updated Apr 19, 2019 | Weak form drill | 2 comments

Micro-listening #26

by | Last updated Apr 19, 2019 | Weak form drill | 2 comments

Micro-listenings are quick dictations and drills to help you develop your listening skills.

In this exercise, most of the weak forms have been removed.

Understanding weak forms in natural English is a huge challenge, and one reason why rapid, natural conversation is so difficult to understand!

Listen as many times as you need to, and see if you can identify all the weak forms. Try to notice how the weak form of pronunciation is different to the strong form. Good luck!


This clip is from episode 96 of the brilliant The Allusionist podcast, which explores all aspects of words and language. This episode is about trust. Photo by Mathieu Turle on Unsplash.


English (RP)


The interviewee, Rachel Botsman, is talking about how she defined trust for her book on the subject.

know...I thought really easy define trust.

About the extract

...do you know...

Notice the pronunciation of 'do you' as /ʤə/. This weak and contracted pronunciation is extremely common in questions - this is one reason why they can be hard to understand.

...I thought it was going to be easy...

This is an example of 'the future in the past', which is used when we are talking about the future, but the viewpoint is in the past.

For example, if I tell you about my plans for the weekend (the normal future), I might say: "I'm going to go for a walk". However, if you ask me on Monday about my weekend, I might say: "I was going to go for a walk, but the weather was awful". In this sentence, I am talking about the future plan that I had in the past. I use the same structure, but 'I am' becomes 'I was'.

In the extract, the original prediction that the speaker made (before writing the book) was: "It's going to be easy". She is now looking back on that prediction (probably because it was harder than she expected).

Practise new language, and feel free to ask any questions!

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Javier Cruz
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Javier Cruz

Hi, It’s short conversation, however for me wasn’t possible to undertand. The begin was confused.

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