Micro-listening #12

by | Last updated Apr 19, 2019 | Redundancy | 0 comments

Micro-listening #12

by | Last updated Apr 19, 2019 | Redundancy | 0 comments

Micro-listenings are quick dictations and drills to help you develop your listening skills.

Listen as many times as you need to, and try to fill in as many gaps as you can.

Source

This clip is from an episode of How I Built This, a great podcast which interviews founders of well known companies. This episode focusses on Kickstarter, the crowdfunding platform. Photo by Marc Sendra Martorell on Unsplash.

Accent

North American

, and that's ...that's .
We were as we and, and that's ...that's as can do.
We were as fast as we and, and that's of as...that's as as you can do.

About the sentence

...and that's kind of as...

This dictation is a good example of a challenge that you will face very frequently when trying to understand native English speakers - redundancy.

Redundancy is basically anything that is unnecessary in a sentence. In spoken English, this can include repetition (e.g. and in this sentence is used twice), fillers (words or phrases that are used to fill silences, often to allow time for the speaker to think) and false starts (where a sentence or idea is begun and then abandoned (e.g. in this dictation: ...that's kind of as... ).

Redundancy is a completely natural feature of spontaneous spoken English (and other languages). The best thing that you can do is learn to recognise redundancy and 'edit it out' to prevent it causing confusion. One way of doing this is to begin noticing common examples of redundancy (e.g. you knowkind ofsort of ).

This is an area that having a better understanding of individual words and phrases can be very useful - this will make it easier for you to identify redundancy and choose to ignore it. Over time, this will happen naturally and automatically.

Practise new language, and feel free to ask any questions!

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Micro-listening #12

by | Last updated Apr 19, 2019 | Redundancy | 0 comments

Micro-listenings are quick dictations and drills to help you develop your listening skills.

Listen as many times as you need to, and try to fill in as many gaps as you can.

Source

This clip is from an episode of How I Built This, a great podcast which interviews founders of well known companies. This episode focusses on Kickstarter, the crowdfunding platform. Photo by Marc Sendra Martorell on Unsplash.

Accent

North American

, and that's ...that's .
We were as we and, and that's ...that's as can do.
We were as fast as we and, and that's of as...that's as as you can do.

About the sentence

...and that's kind of as...

This dictation is a good example of a challenge that you will face very frequently when trying to understand native English speakers - redundancy.

Redundancy is basically anything that is unnecessary in a sentence. In spoken English, this can include repetition (e.g. and in this sentence is used twice), fillers (words or phrases that are used to fill silences, often to allow time for the speaker to think) and false starts (where a sentence or idea is begun and then abandoned (e.g. in this dictation: ...that's kind of as... ).

Redundancy is a completely natural feature of spontaneous spoken English (and other languages). The best thing that you can do is learn to recognise redundancy and 'edit it out' to prevent it causing confusion. One way of doing this is to begin noticing common examples of redundancy (e.g. you knowkind ofsort of ).

This is an area that having a better understanding of individual words and phrases can be very useful - this will make it easier for you to identify redundancy and choose to ignore it. Over time, this will happen naturally and automatically.

P

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Practise new language, and feel free to ask any questions!

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